Let's have a quick look at the types of pronouns in Polish
1. Personal Pronouns
- singular: ja, ty, on, ona, ono
- plural: my, wy, oni (all male & mixed male-female groups), one
Czytamy, instead of My czytamy, because the verb gives us full information about the person.
- You must remember the polite, formal address as well, because this is the form you'll be using when talking to Polish people, at least for the beginning. If you use ty when talking to someone you've just met, you might be considered rude. However, you'll switch from formal to informal rather quickly, most of the times after a "ceremonial" caled bruderszaft, which involves drinking some vodka and kissing each other on the cheeks. The act of changing from the polite form to a more friendly "you" must be acknowledged by both parties. Also, when talking to someone older, they must be the ones to suggest giving up formal address.
- singular: Pan (masc), Pani (fem)
- plural: Panowie (masc), Panie (fem), Panstwo (masc&fem)
2. Possessive Pronouns
- they take a full set of agreeing endings and act like adjectives - they have the same type of declension
- Polish language does not have the category of "article", therefore you will understand from the context if a certain noun is definite or indefinite. Demonstrative and relative pronouns have full case-and-number declension
- it means "oneself", "each other", "one another" and it has no Nominative case form
- they are matched by different pronouns in the plural and in expressing negation, but they all function like adjectives and have full case-and-number declension.
Here's a chart with declension patterns for the above-mentioned pronouns.